High in the mountains


There is also ice high up in the mountains, even though they are far away from the poles. This is because temperature decreases with elevation.


This is a photo of Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania. The mountain is 5.9 km high and it is the highest mountain in Africa. Even though it is very hot in Tanzania, it is still cold enough at the top of the mountain for glaciers to exist. These glaciers are, however, melting away due to the temperature increase in recent times.


Did you know that the temperature decreases with 0.5 to 1 degree Celsius for every 100 m you move upwards? This means that at the top of the world’s tallest building, Burj Khalifa in Dubai, which is 800 m high, it is at least 4 degrees colder than on the ground in front of the building.